Most of this vast region is managed by federal agencies, the US Forest
Service, the Bureau of Land Management and the National Park Service.
The largest tracts are the Shasta-Trinity National Forest and the
adjoining Modoc National Forest. At the southern end of the Cascade
Mountain Ranges, all this rugged terrain and wilderness adds up to
endless outdoor opportunities for hiking, boating, fishing,
bird-watching and camping. The famous hiking trail, the Pacific Crest
Trail cuts eastward and south through this region.
The area between the Cascades and a smaller range to the east, the
Warner Mountains is called the Modoc Plateau, after the indigenous
people who tried to retreat to the brutally harsh lava beds during
conflicts with the new settlers.
Lava Beds National Monument, near the Oregon border is a good place to
learn of the travails of the Modoc and other indigenous groups while
experiencing this landscape dominated by broken lava, cinder cones and
a series of underground caves formed by lava. Nearby, Tule Lake
and the Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge are hosts to huge
populations of migrating birds, including sandhill cranes.
Bird-watchers will also want to check out Modoc Natural Wildlife Refuge